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[AFRINIC-rpd] Academic IPv4 Allocation Policy Second Draft (AFPUB-2013-GEN-001-DRAFT-02)

Andrew Alston alston.networks at
Wed Jan 16 20:29:02 UTC 2013

Hi All,

Sunday and I have looked at the comments coming back from the list, and
would like to propose a second draft of our policy as seen below.  While we
realize that the debate between full time and part time students is probably
still going to continue, for the purposes of this draft we have chosen to
use Owen's proposed formula until there is more clarity on community will on
this one.  Beyond that this draft attempts to address the issue of employees
in addition to students, changes the ratio from 3 to 5 as seems to be the
will of the membership body and adds a clause allowing for allocations
larger than the default 1:5 ratio, providing there is justification
provided, while at the same time NOT imposing any further justification
requirements needed for the 1:5 default ratio.

We look forward to your comments and further changes/modifications.



Unique Identifier:       AFPUB-2013-GEN-001-DRAFT-02

Draft Policy Name:     Academic IPv4 Allocation

Policy Author(s):         Andrew Alston aa at

                                          Sunday Folayan
sfolayan at

Date:                               January 16, 2013

Related Policies:         None

Amends:                       None

1)            Summary of the Problem Being Addressed by this Policy Proposal

Given that the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Africa are growing,
and that Internet access within these academic Institutions is critical to
the educational experience of students, it is necessary to provide
sufficient address space to these HEIs to allow them to function
effectively.  When we consider that such institutions are constantly
upgrading their Infrastructure and bandwidth to support technologies which
are severely limited in environments using Network Address Translation
(NAT), we believe that it is important that HEIs desirous of public address
space should have the ability to migrate away from NAT. Such migration will
help promote technologies such as multicast and the convergence of voice and
data networks, which will in turn drive down the costs within such

By promoting the elimination of NATs, this proposal will also assist HEIs in
their migration to IPv6, and in fact, to qualify under this proposal,
dual-stack and/or rollout of IPv6 at the qualifying institution is

2) Summary of How this Proposal Addresses the Problem

                a) This proposal will simplify the allocation of address
space to HEIs by detailing and simplifying the address justification

                b) This proposal recognizes HEIs as end users, and removes
the confusion previously seen where arguments have occurred as to the status
of the applying institution.

                c) This proposal helps to reduce the dependence of HEIs on
NATs, and is in line with AfriNIC's own policy of not promoting the usage of
such translation mechanisms.

                d) This proposal encourages the adoption of IPv6 by making
the rollout of IPv6 a criterion for qualification under this proposal.

3) Proposal

Academic Institutions qualify for IP address space from AfriNIC based on the
sum of the number of registered  students and employees on their campus.  

3.1) To qualify for address space, Academic institutions will need to apply
as end users and provide the following documentation:

                3.1.1) Proof of Institution's registration/accreditation

                3.1.2) Proof of the number of registered students

                3.1.3) Proof of staff head count.

3.2) This policy applies a ratio to a head count of campus users, where the
number of campus users is calculated using a formula of full time students +
full time employees + (part time students * 0.5)

3.3)  In addition to the documentation specified in clause 3.1, institutions
will need to provide details of planned/current IPv6 roll-outs, including
committed time frames for the roll-out of IPv6.

3.4) For the purposes of this policy, the roll-out of IPv6 can only be
considered to be a true IPv6 roll-out, if IPv6 is extended to the edge of
the network, beyond just the core/server infrastructure.

3.5) Under the policy, HEI shall be eligible to receive IPv4 resources at a
ratio not less than 5 IPv4 addresses per campus user, where campus user is
defined in 3.2). 

3.6) While 3.4 defines a minimum accepted ratio for which the justification
is clearly defined in 3.1, applications based on a ratio as high as 10:1
shall be given due consideration and should be approved unless the
justification for such increased ratio is believed by AfriNIC staff to be
specious or fraudulent in nature.

3.7) HEIs will be classified as End Users under this policy, on provision of
a duly authorized letter from the institution management stating that
address space allocated will not be used outside of the campus/academic

3.8) HEIs qualifying under this proposal will qualify for the same academic
discounts that are applicable to any academic institution at the time of

3.9) Since any HEI that has a large base of registered students and full
time staff, has to, by the very nature of their function, have equipment on
campus, this policy dispenses for the need for a HEI to provide detailed
proof of equipment and infrastructure.

4.1) Revision History (For all but the first draft):

Version 1 - Added 3.1.3 to include justification of employee count. Added a
new point 3.2 and 3.4, meaning that sequential numbering changed, where the
original 3.2 became 3.3, 3.4 became 3.5, 3.6 was a new point, meaning
original 3.6 -> 3.8 became 3.7 -> 3.9. Added 3.2 to define the calculation
of head count to which the address ratio calculation is applied.  Modified
3.5 to change the ratio from 1:3 to 1:5 as per requests from the RPD list.
Added 3.6 to allow for allocations larger than the de-facto 1:5 ratio  upon
submission of additional documentation, while maintaining the need for
minimal justification if the ratio applied for did not exceed the 1:5 mark.


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