[Community-Discuss] [rpd] Who is the guarantor of AFRINIC

Sunday Folayan sfolayan at skannet.com
Thu Apr 13 13:37:50 UTC 2017

Dear Arnaud and all,

The Board will make some clarifications shortly.

Thanks and Regards ...

Sunday Folayan.
Board Chair.

On 13/04/2017 13:26, Arnaud AMELINA wrote:
> *English :*
> Dear member of the community, What is the aim of the authors and the 
> initiators of this Article ???
> Do they have the right to share a process that has not yet been 
> adopted externally, still coming from a member of the Board of 
> Afrinic, is unacceptable, is there no longer any limit In AFRINIC, 
> that the different leaders take their respononsibilities and remind to 
> the order the indelices
> The name AFRINIC has been engaged in this article, even though the 
> subject in question has not yet ratified by the community of AFRINIC 
> or the BOARD.
> *French :*
> Chers membre de la communauté, Quel est le but visé par les auteurs et 
> les initiateurs de cet Article ??? <https://www.theregister.co.uk/>
> Ont-il le droit de faire part d'un processus non encore adopté à 
> l'extérieur, venant encore de la part d'un membre du Board d'Afrinic 
> c'est innacceptable, n'y a-t-il plus de limite à AFRINIC, que les 
> différents responsables prennent leurs respponsabilités et rappellent 
> à l'odre les indélicats.
> Le nom d'AFRINIC a été engagé dans cet article alors même que le sujet 
> en question ne soit ratifié par la communauté d'AFRINIC ou par le BOARD.
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>   No more IP addresses for countries that shut down internet access
>     Afrinic considers punitive policy for errant governments
> reddit
> <https://www.reddit.com/submit?url=https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/04/12/no_ip_addresses_for_countries/&title=No%20more%20IP%20addresses%20for%20countries%20that%20shut%20down%20internet%20access> 
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> <https://twitter.com/share?text=No%20more%20IP%20addresses%20for%20countries%20that%20shut%20down%20internet%20access&url=https://www.theregister.co.uk/2017/04/12/no_ip_addresses_for_countries/&via=theregister> 
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> linkedin
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> 12 Apr 2017 at 19:54, Kieren McCarthy 
> <https://www.theregister.co.uk/Author/2886>
> Governments that cut off internet access to their citizens could find 
> themselves refused new IP addresses under a proposal put forward by 
> one of the five global IP allocation organizations.
> The suggested clampdown 
> <https://www.afrinic.net/en/community/policy-development/policy-proposals/2061-anti-shutdown-01> 
> will be considered at the next meeting of internet registry Afrinic in 
> Botswana in June: Afrinic is in charge of managing and allocating IP 
> address blocks across Africa.
> Under the proposal, a new section would be added to Afrinic's official 
> rules that would allow the organization to refuse to hand over any new 
> IP address to a country for 12 months if it is found to have ordered 
> an internet shutdown.
> The ban would cover all government-owned entities and others that have 
> a "direct provable relationship with said government." It would also 
> cover any transfer of address space to those entities from others.
> That withdrawal of services would escalate if the country continued to 
> pull the plug on internet access. Under the proposal: "In the event of 
> a government performing three or more such shutdowns in a period of 10 
> years – all resources to the aforementioned entities shall be revoked 
> and no allocations to said entities shall occur for a period of 5 years."
> The proposal was sparked by a recent increase in the number of 
> complete nationwide shutdowns of internet service – something that has 
> been a cause of increasing concern and ire within the internet 
> infrastructure community.
>       The start
> The trend started during the Egyptian revolution back in 2011 when 
> authorities killed the entire's country web access 
> <https://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/02/01/egypt_last_net_lost/> prior 
> to a big protest march. Employees of ISPs and mobile phone companies 
> reported troops turning up at their homes and pointing guns at their 
> families in order to enforce the shutdown.
> Until then, many governments had assumed it was largely impossible to 
> turn off internet access to their entire nation. Soon after, 
> government departments educated themselves about AS numbers and 
> internet routing and started using their power to set up systems that 
> would allow them to order the shutdown of all networks from a central 
> point.
> While some countries only used this ability in the more dire 
> circumstances – riots or terrorist attacks – shutdowns quickly started 
> being used preemptively and for political reasons.
> Bangladesh switched off 
> <https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/11/18/bangladesh_shuts_down_its_internet_for_an_hour/> 
> its entire country's net connectivity prior to the sentencing of 
> former government leaders for war crimes. Then Iraq started shutting 
> down the entire country for several hours at a time in order to 
> prevent exam cheating 
> <https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/05/17/iraq_shuts_down_internet_to_prevent_exam_cheating/>.
> While these were enormously frustrating, the shutdown typically lasted 
> only a few hours. But then Cameroon decided to cut off the internet 
> for weeks – and targeted specific communities. The country's southwest 
> and northwest provinces were taken offline following violent protests: 
> a decision that had a hugely damaging impact on its "Silicon Mountain" 
> startup zone, and also took down its banks and ATMs.
> In India, the number and frequency of internet shutdowns has sparked a 
> new protest movement and website <http://internetshutdowns.in/> that 
> tracks them.
> The situation has grown so dire that the United Nations got involved 
> and officially condemned 
> <https://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/07/01/un_officially_condemns_internet_shutdowns/> 
> the practice at a meeting of the Human Rights Council back in July. 
> Despite opposition from a number of countries – including China, 
> Russia, India and Kenya – a resolution passed forbidding mass web 
> blockades.
>       Plan
> The reality, however, is that there is nothing to prevent governments 
> from shutting down the internet and very little anyone can do in the 
> face of a determined push from the authorities.
> But now the techies are fighting back. The Afrinic proposal has been 
> put forward by the CTO and the Head of IP strategy for Liquid 
> Telecommunications – a large pan-African ISP – as well as the CEO of 
> Kenya's main ISP Association. As such it is a proposal that many are 
> taking seriously.
> "While the authors of this policy acknowledge that what is proposed is 
> draconian in nature, we feel that the time has come for action to be 
> taken, rather than just bland statements that have shown to have 
> little or no effect," they wrote, noting that "over the last few years 
> we have seen more and more governments shutting down the free and open 
> access to the internet in order to push political and other agendas."
> Whether governments like it or not, they are reliant on the provision 
> of IP address to expand their networks and digital economy, and 
> Afrinic is the only organization that can realistically provide them. 
> If the policy does get passed, it would almost certainly act as a 
> strong deterrent for government ministers to shutting down internet 
> access.
> But there are a wealth of problems with the idea, not least of which 
> would be the determination of what represents an internet shutdown. 
> The authors put forward a suggested definition:
>     An internet shutdown is deemed to have occurred when it can be
>     proved that there was an attempt, failed or successful, to
>     restrict access to the internet to a segment of the population
>     irrespective of the provider or access medium that they utilize.
> That wording is likely to be very heavily scrutinized. And it would 
> require someone or group to make a determination that it has happened 
> – which would likely become a politically charged decision. And none 
> of that considers the fact that national leaders are unlikely to 
> accept punitive terms being placed against them by a third party.
> In short, it is a huge political headache. But it may also be one that 
> only the internet community is capable to taking on and winning. The 
> next few months will see whether the 'net community in Africa is 
> willing to take on the challenge for the greater good. ®
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