[Community-Discuss] [rpd] Who is the guarantor of AFRINIC
sfolayan at skannet.com
Thu Apr 13 13:37:50 UTC 2017
Dear Arnaud and all,
The Board will make some clarifications shortly.
Thanks and Regards ...
On 13/04/2017 13:26, Arnaud AMELINA wrote:
> *English :*
> Dear member of the community, What is the aim of the authors and the
> initiators of this Article ???
> Do they have the right to share a process that has not yet been
> adopted externally, still coming from a member of the Board of
> Afrinic, is unacceptable, is there no longer any limit In AFRINIC,
> that the different leaders take their respononsibilities and remind to
> the order the indelices
> The name AFRINIC has been engaged in this article, even though the
> subject in question has not yet ratified by the community of AFRINIC
> or the BOARD.
> *French :*
> Chers membre de la communauté, Quel est le but visé par les auteurs et
> les initiateurs de cet Article ??? <https://www.theregister.co.uk/>
> Ont-il le droit de faire part d'un processus non encore adopté à
> l'extérieur, venant encore de la part d'un membre du Board d'Afrinic
> c'est innacceptable, n'y a-t-il plus de limite à AFRINIC, que les
> différents responsables prennent leurs respponsabilités et rappellent
> à l'odre les indélicats.
> Le nom d'AFRINIC a été engagé dans cet article alors même que le sujet
> en question ne soit ratifié par la communauté d'AFRINIC ou par le BOARD.
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> No more IP addresses for countries that shut down internet access
> Afrinic considers punitive policy for errant governments
> 12 Apr 2017 at 19:54, Kieren McCarthy
> Governments that cut off internet access to their citizens could find
> themselves refused new IP addresses under a proposal put forward by
> one of the five global IP allocation organizations.
> The suggested clampdown
> will be considered at the next meeting of internet registry Afrinic in
> Botswana in June: Afrinic is in charge of managing and allocating IP
> address blocks across Africa.
> Under the proposal, a new section would be added to Afrinic's official
> rules that would allow the organization to refuse to hand over any new
> IP address to a country for 12 months if it is found to have ordered
> an internet shutdown.
> The ban would cover all government-owned entities and others that have
> a "direct provable relationship with said government." It would also
> cover any transfer of address space to those entities from others.
> That withdrawal of services would escalate if the country continued to
> pull the plug on internet access. Under the proposal: "In the event of
> a government performing three or more such shutdowns in a period of 10
> years – all resources to the aforementioned entities shall be revoked
> and no allocations to said entities shall occur for a period of 5 years."
> The proposal was sparked by a recent increase in the number of
> complete nationwide shutdowns of internet service – something that has
> been a cause of increasing concern and ire within the internet
> infrastructure community.
> The start
> The trend started during the Egyptian revolution back in 2011 when
> authorities killed the entire's country web access
> <https://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/02/01/egypt_last_net_lost/> prior
> to a big protest march. Employees of ISPs and mobile phone companies
> reported troops turning up at their homes and pointing guns at their
> families in order to enforce the shutdown.
> Until then, many governments had assumed it was largely impossible to
> turn off internet access to their entire nation. Soon after,
> government departments educated themselves about AS numbers and
> internet routing and started using their power to set up systems that
> would allow them to order the shutdown of all networks from a central
> While some countries only used this ability in the more dire
> circumstances – riots or terrorist attacks – shutdowns quickly started
> being used preemptively and for political reasons.
> Bangladesh switched off
> its entire country's net connectivity prior to the sentencing of
> former government leaders for war crimes. Then Iraq started shutting
> down the entire country for several hours at a time in order to
> prevent exam cheating
> While these were enormously frustrating, the shutdown typically lasted
> only a few hours. But then Cameroon decided to cut off the internet
> for weeks – and targeted specific communities. The country's southwest
> and northwest provinces were taken offline following violent protests:
> a decision that had a hugely damaging impact on its "Silicon Mountain"
> startup zone, and also took down its banks and ATMs.
> In India, the number and frequency of internet shutdowns has sparked a
> new protest movement and website <http://internetshutdowns.in/> that
> tracks them.
> The situation has grown so dire that the United Nations got involved
> and officially condemned
> the practice at a meeting of the Human Rights Council back in July.
> Despite opposition from a number of countries – including China,
> Russia, India and Kenya – a resolution passed forbidding mass web
> The reality, however, is that there is nothing to prevent governments
> from shutting down the internet and very little anyone can do in the
> face of a determined push from the authorities.
> But now the techies are fighting back. The Afrinic proposal has been
> put forward by the CTO and the Head of IP strategy for Liquid
> Telecommunications – a large pan-African ISP – as well as the CEO of
> Kenya's main ISP Association. As such it is a proposal that many are
> taking seriously.
> "While the authors of this policy acknowledge that what is proposed is
> draconian in nature, we feel that the time has come for action to be
> taken, rather than just bland statements that have shown to have
> little or no effect," they wrote, noting that "over the last few years
> we have seen more and more governments shutting down the free and open
> access to the internet in order to push political and other agendas."
> Whether governments like it or not, they are reliant on the provision
> of IP address to expand their networks and digital economy, and
> Afrinic is the only organization that can realistically provide them.
> If the policy does get passed, it would almost certainly act as a
> strong deterrent for government ministers to shutting down internet
> But there are a wealth of problems with the idea, not least of which
> would be the determination of what represents an internet shutdown.
> The authors put forward a suggested definition:
> An internet shutdown is deemed to have occurred when it can be
> proved that there was an attempt, failed or successful, to
> restrict access to the internet to a segment of the population
> irrespective of the provider or access medium that they utilize.
> That wording is likely to be very heavily scrutinized. And it would
> require someone or group to make a determination that it has happened
> – which would likely become a politically charged decision. And none
> of that considers the fact that national leaders are unlikely to
> accept punitive terms being placed against them by a third party.
> In short, it is a huge political headache. But it may also be one that
> only the internet community is capable to taking on and winning. The
> next few months will see whether the 'net community in Africa is
> willing to take on the challenge for the greater good. ®
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