[AfrICANN-discuss] ITU

McTim dogwallah at gmail.com
Fri Dec 7 14:40:52 SAST 2012

HI Simon (and Katim),

On Fri, Dec 7, 2012 at 1:56 AM, Simon M. Balthazar
<sbalthazar at tznic.or.tz>wrote:

>  On 07/12/2012 01:28, McTim wrote:
>  The DoC DOES have a no-fee contract with ICANN to run the IANA, this
> does not mean they can determine what is in the root.
> McTim,
> In IANA Root Zone Process, there's a part that requires DoC Authorization.
> They are suppose to authorize all changes to the DNS root zone, and the
> root zone database. And that is done after approval of the ICANN board,
> meaning they have the final say on what is to be in the root.

Yes, the process is more complicated than I indicated, it actually involves
4 groups of folk (3 if you don't count the root-server operators.  My point
was that it is too simplistic to say that the USG controls the root.

from Wikipedia:

"ICANN <http://icannwiki.com/index.php/ICANN> is one of four entities that
is a part of the DNSSEC process, it is responsible for receiving and
inspecting the information from the TLD
<http://icannwiki.com/index.php/TLD> operators.
These actions are perfomed in conjunction with:

   1. The National Telecommunications and Information
Administration<http://icannwiki.com/index.php/NTIA> (NTIA),
   which is a division of the U.S. Department of
   and is responsible for authorizing changes to the root
   2. Verisign <http://icannwiki.com/index.php/Verisign>, which is
   contracted by the U.S. government to edit the root zone with the
   information supplied and authenticated by
   which is subsequently authorized by the Department of Commerce, and also to
   distribute the root zone file containing information on where to find info
   on TLDs <http://icannwiki.com/index.php/TLD>
   3. An international group of Root Service
   distributes root information from the root zone file across the Internet."


"A name indicates what we seek. An address indicates where it is. A route
indicates how we get there."  Jon Postel
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