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[AfriNIC-rpd] Global Policy for Post Exhaustion IPv4 Allocation Mechanisms by the IANA (prop-097-v001): AFPUB-2010-v4-006

Fiona Asonga tespok at tespok.co.ke
Mon Feb 7 10:23:46 SAST 2011


Dear Colleagues,

The ASO-AC, has received a proposed global policy entitled, "Global Policy
for Post Exhaustion IPv4 Allocation Mechanisms by the IANA", and during the
meeting on 3rd February 2011 determined that it qualifies for a global
policy proposal. If approved and ratified, would satisfy the conditions for
classification as a global policy as defined in the ASO MoU."

"Global Policy for post exhaustion IPv4 allocation mechanisms by the IANA"
http://www.apnic.net/policy/proposals/prop-097 

It is not yet available on the AfriNIC site so I have copied the proposal
text below.

Regards

Fiona Asonga

****************************************************************************
*****************************

_______________________________________________________________________

prop-097-v001: Global Policy for post exhaustion IPv4 allocation
                mechanisms by the IANA
_______________________________________________________________________


Authors:       Alejandro Acosta
                        Nicolas Antoniello
                        S. Moonesamy
                        Douglas Onyango
                        Medel Ramirez
                        Masato Yamanishi

                Note: The co-authors are actively seeking authors from
                      all regions to ensure all RIR community's needs
                      are met. We encourage interested community members
                      to become co-authors of this proposal.

Version:       1

Date:          25 January 2011



1.  Introduction
----------------

This proposal describes the process that IANA will follow to allocate
IPv4 resources to Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) after the central
pool of addresses is exhausted.

The processes for how IPv4 space may be placed in the IANA Recovered
IPv4 Pool is out of the scope of this proposal.


2. Definitions
--------------

2.1 IPv4 address holdings

     IPv4 address holdings are all unallocated IPv4 address space held
     by an RIR.


2.2 Aggregated address blocks

     Aggregated address blocks are contiguous prefixes that can be
     aggregated on natural bit boundaries.


3.  Summary of the current problem
----------------------------------

An earlier global policy proposal authored by a team consisting of
people from each of the five RIRs reached consensus at four RIRs, and
was subsequently endorsed by these RIRs' Boards. In the APNIC region,
this was prop-069, "Global policy proposal for the allocation of IPv4
blocks to Regional Internet Registries". To see the proposal reference
number for this proposal in all five RIRs, see Appendix A.

The version approved in the fifth region was substantially rewritten by
that community to meet some of their concerns. However, given the
nature of the rewrites, it would have been difficult to reconcile that
version with the version that reached concensus in the other four RIRs.
Therefore, some members of the ARIN community wrote a new global
proposal, "Global Policy for IPv4 Allocations by the IANA Post
Exhaustion", which has been adopted in the ARIN region. It is under
discussion in the AfriNIC, APNIC and RIPE regions. In the APNIC region,
it is prop-086. To see the proposal reference number for this proposal
in all five RIRs, see Appendix A. However, there are significant issues
with prop-086. These are:

     - The reclamation pool could be exhausted by RIR(s) with high
       allocation rates after the first (or first few) allocation
       period(s).

       There are two main reasons RIRs will have differing allocation
       rates after the IANA pool is exhausted:

       1. Rate of Internet growth in the region

       2. Policies developed by different regions governing
          how the last part of their IPv4 addresses are to be
          managed.

       In response to IPv4 exhaustion, some RIR communities have chosen
       to apply policies to a part of their last IPv4 addresses that aim
       to assist with a smooth transition to IPv6. An effect of such
       policies is that it can slow down the consumption of IPv4
       addresses allocated under these policies. This side effect would
       put RIRs that have chosen to adopt such policies at a
       disadvantage, as they will take far longer to qualify for space
       under prop-086 compared to RIRs that have chosen not to adopt
       such policies. Therefore, to ensure that regional variation in
       run out policy amongst RIRs is accounted for, it is important to
       have an IANA redistribution method that can continue to provide
       resources to RIRs over more than one (or only a few) allocation
       periods.

- The definitions of when an RIR is considered to be "exhausted",
  and therefore eligible for space from IANA, should be more
  flexible given the very different RIR policy environments and the
  number of addresses available at any given time.

- Under the redistribution formula proposed in prop-086, it is
  possible for one RIR to be the single eligible RIR in the first
  IANA allocation period and for that RIR to claim the entire
  reclamation pool. It is also possible that only one RIR could
  be eligible during subsequent allocation periods, and take the
  total IANA pool available at that time.

  To prevent this from happening, it is better to have a formula
  that would allow eligible RIRs to take only a certain fraction
  of the IANA pool at each allocation period.


A problem with both prop-069 and prop-086 is related to the policy for
the return of addresses by the RIRs to IANA:

- In prop-069, the return of addresses to the reclamation pool was
  mandatory. This restriction was of significant concern to the
  ARIN community.

- In prop-086, return of addresses by RIRs is optional, but there
  is nothing to prevent an RIR which has contributed nothing
  towards IANA's return pool from claiming part, or indeed all, of
  the return pool.

     - Because of the two above issues, this new proposal separates the
       return of address space to the IANA from the redistribution of
       that space by the IANA. Instead, the authors of this new proposal
       treat the return and redistribution as two separate issues that
       should be treated as separate policies.


4.  Situation in other RIRs
---------------------------

This proposal will be submitted to all RIRs with a view to becoming
global policy.


5.  Details
-----------

Upon adoption of this IPv4 address policy by the ICANN Board of
Directors, the IANA shall establish a Recovered IPv4 Pool to be
utilized post RIR IPv4 exhaustion as defined in Section 1. The
Recovered IPv4 Pool will initially contain any fragments that may be
left over in the IANA. It will also hold any space returned to the IANA
by any other means.

5.1 Recovered IPv4 Pool

     The Recovered IPv4 Pool will be administered by the IANA. It will
     contain:

     a. Any fragments left over in the IANA inventory after the last /8s
        of IPv4 space are delegated to the RIRs

        - The IANA inventory excludes "Special use IPv4 addresses" as
          defined in BCP 153 and any addresses allocated by the IANA
          for experimental use.

     b. Any IPv4 space returned to the IANA by any means.


     The Recovered IPv4 Pool will stay inactive until the first RIR
     exhausts its inventory of IPv4 address space as defined in
     Sections 5.3b below.

     Once active, IP addresses from the Recovered IPv4 Pool will be
     allocated as stated in Section 5.2 below.


5.2 Allocation of returned IPv4 address space by the IANA

     a. Allocations from the IANA may begin once the pool is declared
        active.


     b. For the purposes of this policy, an "IPv4 allocation period" is
        defined as a 6-month period following 1 March or 1 September in
        each year.


     c. The IANA will calculate the size of the "IPv4 allocation unit"
        at the following times:

        - When the Recovered IPv4 Pool is first activated
        - At the beginning of each IPv4 allocation period

        To calculate the "IPv4 allocation unit" at these times, the IANA
        will use the following formula:

            IPv4 allocation unit =  1/10 of Recovered IPv4 pool,
                                    rounded down to the next CIDR
                                    (power-of-2) boundary.

        No RIR may get more than this calculation used to determine the
        IPv4 allocation unit even when they can justify a need for it.

        The minimum "IPv4 allocation unit" size will be a /24. If the
        calculation used to determine the IPv4 allocation unit results
        in a block smaller than a /24, the IANA will not distribute any
        addresses in that IPv4 allocation period.


     d. In each allocation period, each eligible RIR may issue one IPv4
        request to the IANA.

        Providing that the RIR satisfies the allocation criteria
        described in section 5.3, the IANA will allocate a single
        allocation unit, composed of the smallest possible number of
        blocks available in its IPv4 address pool.


5.3 Allocation criteria

     a. To be eligible for an allocation from the Recovered IPv4 Pool,
        an RIR must:

        - Have returned addresses to the Recovered IPv4 Pool.
        - Report on the status of its IPv4 address pool as described in
          Section 5.4d below.
        - Have not already received an IPv4 allocation unit from the
          IANA during the current IPv4 allocation period.


     b. In addition, if the RIR is requesting its first allocation from
        the Recovered IPv4 Pool, it must:

        - Have less than a total of /9 in its unallocated IPv4 address
          pool

     c. If the RIR is requesting a subsequent allocation from the
        Recovered IPv4 Pool, it must:

        - Have less than 50% of the size of the current IANA IPv4
          allocation unit remaining in its unallocated IPv4 address
          pool.


     d. RIRs are permitted to reserve up to one /10 of their
        unallocated IPv4 addresses for special purposes (such as
        policies tying IPv4 allocations to IPv6 deployment, or future
        use). Any reservations larger than a /10 will be considered to
        be "unallocated" and part of the RIR's total unallocated IPv4
        address pool.


5.4 Reporting

     a. All allocated space is to be recorded in a publicly available
        IANA-published log of IPv4 address space transactions, with each
        log entry detailing the address blocks, the date of the
        allocation, and the recipient RIR.

     b. The IANA will maintain a public registry of the current
        disposition of all IPv4 address space, detailing all
        reservations and current allocations and current IANA-held
        address space that is unallocated.

     c. The IANA may make public announcements of IPv4 address block
        transactions that occur under this policy. The IANA will make
        appropriate modifications to the "Internet Protocol V4 Address
        Space" page of the IANA website [2] and may make announcements
        to its own appropriate announcement lists. The IANA
        announcements will be limited to which address ranges, the time
        of allocation, and to which Registry they have been allocated.

     d. To be eligible for address allocations, RIRs must report
        monthly, and at least for 3 months prior to any request, all
        address allocations made and the total of its IPv4 address
        holdings and reservations.


6.  Pros/Cons
-------------

Advantages:

     - The policy provides a mechanism for the ongoing distribution of
       IPv4 address space, while removing the areas of prop-069 that
       were problematic for the ARIN community, and removing the
       problematic areas of prop-086. That is, the proposal:

        - Permits regional variation in run out policy amongst RIRs to be
          accounted for in the distribution of the Recovered IPv4 Pool

        - Prevents the possibility of a single RIR being eligible to
          be allocated the entire Recovered IPv4 Pool in the first
          (and perhaps only) allocation period

        - Removes two areas of policy that have failed to reach
          agreement in previous attempts at this proposal:

           - How addresses should be placed in the Recovered IPv4 Pool
           - References to how transfers should or should not take place


Disadvantages:

     - This proposal is unlikely to finish the global policy development
       process before the IANA pool exhausts. However, the exhaustion of
       the IANA pool is an independent event that will not affect this
       proposal's eventual implementation.

     - This proposal does not provide details of how address space may
       be returned to the IANA IPv4 Recovered Pool. However, since it
       limits the eligibility for addresses from the IPv4 Recovered Pool
       to those who have contributed to it, it will encourage RIRs to
       actively return addresses to IANA.


7.  Effect on APNIC
-------------------

This policy governs the allocation relationship between the IANA and
the RIRs. It does not imply any change to allocation relationships
between APNIC and its Members.


8.  Effect on NIRs
------------------

This policy governs the allocation relationship between the IANA and
the RIRs. It does not imply any change to allocation relationships
between APNIC and the NIRs.


9.  References
--------------

[1] "Global Policy for the Allocation of the Remaining IPv4 Address
     Space"

     http://www.icann.org/en/general/allocation-remaining-ipv4-space.htm

[2] "IANA IPv4 Address Space Registry", January 2011.
 
http://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv4-address-space/ipv4-address-space.xml


Appendix A
----------

Proposal number given to "Global policy proposal for the allocation of
IPv4 blocks to Regional Internet Registries" in each of the five
regions:

AfriNIC:     AFPUB-2009-v4-002
APNIC:       prop-069
ARIN:        ARIN-2009-3
LACNIC:      LAC-2009-01
RIPE:        RIPE 2009-01


Proposal number given to "Global Policy for IPv4 Allocations by the
IANA Post Exhaustion" in each of the five regions:

AfriNIC:     AFPUB-2010-v4-006
APNIC:       prop-086
ARIN:        ARIN-2010-10
LACNIC:      LAC-2010-04
RIPE:        RIPE 2010-05





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