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[policy-wg] Policy proposal: IPv4 allocation to End Users

Mark Tinka mtinka at
Sun Apr 17 16:37:35 UTC 2005

Name:  Mark Tinka
Organisation: Africa Online Swaziland

Policy Affected: New
Date: 16.04.2005
Proposal: IPv4 Assignments to end-users in AfriNIC region


AfriNIC assigns blocks of IP addresses to end-users who request
address space for their internal use in running their own networks, but not 
sub-delegation or reassignment of those addresses outside their organization.
End-users must meet some requirement for justifying the assignment of an 

Determination of IP address space allocation size is the responsibility
of AfriNIC staff. In an effort to ensure that Classless Inter-Domain Routing
(CIDR) is implemented and utilized as efficiently as possible, AfriNIC will
issue blocks of addresses on appropriate "CIDR-supported" bit boundaries 
with a
'slow start' mechanism.

Minimum assignment:

In general, the minimum block of IP address space assigned by AfriNIC to end-
users is a /24. If assignments smaller than /24 are needed, end-users should
contact their upstream provider. Prefixes assigned to End-User will be from a
block reserved for that purpose.

First End-user assignment criteria:

The requesting End users must

a)      Show either an existing efficient utilization of at less /25 from
their upstream provider.

b)      Justification of an immediate need of at less 50% of total requested
size based on its Network Infrastructure. Eg: new Company.

Additional Assignment:

Utilization rate of address space is a key factor in justifying a new 
of IP address space. Requesters must show exactly how previous address
assignments have been utilized and must provide appropriate details to verify
their one-year growth projection. The basic criteria that must be met are: 
*    A
25% immediate utilization rate, and *   A 50% utilization rate within one 
year. A
greater utilization rate may be required based on individual network
requirements. Private IP address: End-users not currently connected to an ISP
and/or plan not to be connected to the Internet are encouraged to use 
private IP
numbers reserved for non-connected networks (see RFC 1918).

End-User Assignment to critical Infrastructure:

AfriNIC will make End-User assignment to critical infrastructure providers of
the Internet, including public exchange points, core DNS service providers 
ICANN-sanctioned root, gTLD, and ccTLD operators). These allocations will 
be no
longer than a /24 using IPv4. Multiple allocations may be granted in certain
situations. - Exchange point assignment MUST be assigned from specific blocks
reserved only for this purpose.

  AfriNIC will make a list of these blocks publicly available. - Exchange 
  operators must provide justification for the allocation, including: 
  policy, location, other participants (minimum of two total), ASN, and 
  information. This policy does not preclude exchange point operators from
  requesting address space under other policies such as becoming LIR.

** Some definitions:

Exchange point: An Internet Exchange Point is defined as a physical network
infrastructure (layer 2) operated by a single entity whose purpose is to
facilitate the exchange of Internet traffic between ISPs. There must be a
minimum of three ISPs connected and there must be a clear and open policy
for others to join. Addresses needed for other purposes (e.g. additional
services provided to the members) should be acquired through the appropriate
means (e.g. an upstream ISP).

Core DNS service provider:  A core DNS service provider is a company who
provides DNS service for the root level of the DNS tree (ICANN-sanctioned root
operators) or for Country Code Top Level domain (ICANN accredited ccTLD


Incentive: To define criteria for IPv4 allocation to End Users which does
not exist yet in AfriNIC region. 


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