[Community-Discuss] IPv6 Chapter 254

Andrew Alston Andrew.Alston at liquidtelecom.com
Thu Oct 13 06:45:26 UTC 2016

Hi Kevin,

I don’t think completely stopping v4 allocations right now would have the impact we’re looking for.  If you look at the policy proposal I’ve put forward, I propose a /13 reserved entirely for new comers, people who had zero space from anywhere before this.  I think this is still an adequate number and sufficient, but it is also critical.  The reason for this is that it allows sufficient space for entities to do NAT64 / DNS64 for translation to legacy equipment in a single-stack v6 environment.  I still believe this will be necessary for a few years to come – and I think the /13 reservation is sufficient.

I also think that at the rate of depletion – we won’t actually be gaining much time by stopping, and as you say, there are other considerations we have to keep in mind.  Rather than focusing on the financial considerations, we have to consider the fact that the space that was given to AfriNIC by IANA was meant to the serve the people, and I’m pretty sure that if AfriNIC decided to just stop allocating and hold onto all of it they would run foul of the agreements under which they were given that space.  (I could be wrong here, perhaps someone with more insight can comment).

What I’d like to see is a situation where those who need the v4 space today, for use on the continent, can get it, use it, and we deplete naturally.  There is a lot of evidence that there is plenty of demand on the continent, and while some would say that large allocations indicate space flowing off the continent, I have yet to see any concrete evidence of this and in fact the allocation statistics seem to dispute this fact.  (The majority of the really large allocations in recent months looking at the publically available data are tending to go to African countries that traditionally had far less space than other places, and an analysis of the BGP surrounding those allocations gives no indication that they have been moved off continent, though of course I say that BGP analysis and latency analysis of space to determine actual geographic location is a bit hit and miss and far from an exact science).

If we repeal the current soft landing policy and maintain a limited reservation strictly for new-comers (and I do believe a /13 is sufficient), this will achieve the necessary in my opinion.  It will ensure the rapid depletion of v4 space on the continent, it will ensure that the space that is currently within AfriNIC is actually used for proper benefit, it will ensure that there is still space available for people who have absolutely none to use for single-stack v6 to v4 translation as necessary, and all in all, I believe that’s the best solution.



From: Kevin Kamonye [mailto:kevin.kamonye at gmail.com]
Sent: 12 October 2016 18:36
To: Andrew Alston <Andrew.Alston at liquidtelecom.com>
Cc: Mark Tinka <mark.tinka at seacom.mu>; KICTAnet ICT Policy Discussions <kictanet at lists.kictanet.or.ke>; General Discussions of AFRINIC <community-discuss at afrinic.net>; Barrack Otieno <otieno.barrack at gmail.com>
Subject: Re: [Community-Discuss] IPv6 Chapter 254

Hi Andrew,

Solid points all round.

I had really not grasped it properly before, but I can now see how the concept of actually encouraging the rapid exhaustion of v4 would certainly be a game changer.

To take it further, would you say that STOPPING the allocation of v4 starting NOW would have more impact? Of course this would have several downsides that would need to be mitigated. For instance, I can see that this would translate into financial challenges for Afrinic as they do rely (not sure about this) on the revenue from the sale of IPs to fund their operations. No one likes to lose money, not even a non-profit :)

I would really like to hear your thoughts on this.

Hi Mark, very true. v6 on mobile should be pretty much done by now. Also, I can already hear that the other big service providers are starting to stir due to this challenge from Liquid. Perhaps it will even turn into a race that makes us all winners.

@ Barrack - cheers mate.


Kevin K.

On 12 October 2016 at 16:22, Andrew Alston <Andrew.Alston at liquidtelecom.com<mailto:Andrew.Alston at liquidtelecom.com>> wrote:
Hi Mark,

In the mobile space (LTE), and in the wireless space – while I can’t comment on specifics, watch this space.

In particular in KE and ZM dependent on which technology you’re referring to.



From: Mark Tinka [mailto:mark.tinka at seacom.mu<mailto:mark.tinka at seacom.mu>]
Sent: 12 October 2016 15:55
To: Andrew Alston <Andrew.Alston at liquidtelecom.com<mailto:Andrew.Alston at liquidtelecom.com>>; Kevin Kamonye <kevin.kamonye at gmail.com<mailto:kevin.kamonye at gmail.com>>; KICTAnet ICT Policy Discussions <kictanet at lists.kictanet.or.ke<mailto:kictanet at lists.kictanet.or.ke>>
Cc: General Discussions of AFRINIC <community-discuss at afrinic.net<mailto:community-discuss at afrinic.net>>; Barrack Otieno <otieno.barrack at gmail.com<mailto:otieno.barrack at gmail.com>>
Subject: Re: [Community-Discuss] IPv6 Chapter 254

On 12/Oct/16 13:31, Andrew Alston wrote:

On this map, you will see there are only two countries in Africa that have in excess of half a percent v6 penetration levels.  One is Sudan, and one in Zimbabwe.  Zimbabwe currently runs at 4.76% penetration and climbing – beyond that the rest of Africa has effectively no real penetration.  Now, compare that to the rest of the world where v4 is depleted, and you see a vastly different picture.  The global average deployment rate is sitting at 12% and climbing, whereas all it took to *double* the aggregate penetration rate in Africa was the v6 enabling of 10 or 15 thousand FTTH users in Zimbabwe.  This speaks volumes, we have v4, and its slowing us down in getting v6 deployed.

Given that consumers don't generally get a say in when IPv6 can be enabled, that helps a lot. Much of Europe, North America and Asia-Pac have sufficient broadband into people's homes that makes all the difference.

A number of major mobile operators in that part of the world have also turned on IPv6.

The majority of Internet access in Africa happens in the mobile space today. If we want to see the needle shift even a hair's width, mobile operators in Africa need to enable IPv6. As of today, I have neither seen nor heard of any plans from any major or small mobile network operator in Africa re: turning on IPv6, never mind have a strategy or plan.

If wire-line and non-GSM wireless service providers in Africa were to enable IPv6 for their broadband customers, there would be an improvement in the outlook (by your own experience in Zimbabwe), but not as much as if the mobile operators came to the party. It is absurd that there is no interest from this group, considering that the thinking is that it is cheaper to spend millions of $$ to sustain NAT444444444 than it is to roll out IPv6.


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