[AfrICANN-discuss] ICANN November Magazine

Anne-Rachel Inné annerachel at gmail.com
Thu Nov 26 00:07:11 SAST 2009

November 2009 — Volume 2 | Issue 10 In this issue:

   - Special Seoul Edition
   - Internationalized Domain Names (IDN's)
   - New gTLDs
   - Strategic Planning
   - Affirmation of Commitments
   - GNSO Improvements
   - Independent Reviews
   - Board Members & Councillors
   - Board Resolutions
   - Fellowship Update

Special Seoul Edition


ICANN's 36th international public meeting was the last of three held
annually to conduct policy development and outreach. It was hosted by ICANN
(the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) and KISA (Korea
Internet & Security Agency), a public agency that plays a major role in
developing and researching the Internet in Korea.

The meeting was opened by three local dignitaries: Mr. See Joong Choi,
chairman of the Korea Communications Commission; Mr. Heung Kil Ko, Senator
and Chairman of the Culture, Sports, and Tourism, Broadcasting and
Communications Committee of the National Assembly; and Ms. Hee Jung Kim,
president of KISA.

Mr. See Joong Choi spoke about how the Internet was 40 years old, and the
impact it has had in that time. He talked about how important IP addresses
were as assets for the future and that they become a common resource for
all. And he welcomed the introduction of IDNs as paving a "new way toward
the future".

Mr. Heung Kil Ko spoke about how Korea was a leader in the knowledge and
information society, with 77.6 percent of its citizens online. He spoke of
the importance of an efficiently and stably managed IP address system, as
well as dealing with security threats such as hacking and phishing. The
conference would hopefully lead to close ties between ICANN and Korea, he

Ms. Hee Jung Kim also heralded the introduction of IDNs, and welcomed a
recent change in the agreement that ICANN has with the United States
government as strengthening the autonomy of the IP addressing system.

There were 1,207 attendees to the conference from 111 different countries.
The participants engaged in a wide range of discussions about the Internet's
domain name system and related issues.


Many meetings, workshops, public forums and informal discussions were held
over seven days by the different stakeholders of the ICANN model:

   - Business interests
   - Civil society – – including the At-Large Summit of individual Internet
   user representatives
   - Governments and government agencies
   - Internet service providers
   - Registrants
   - Registrars
   - Registries
   - The technical community

Several key issues and themes evolved over the course of the meeting. They
are summarized in this magazine.

Further information about the meeting, including presentations and
transcripts, is available at http://sel.icann.org.

ICANN's next international public meeting will take place in Nairobi, Kenya
beginning on 7 March 2010.
Internationalized Domain Names (IDN's)


The most significant progress at the Seoul meeting was the approval of the
"fast track", which will see a limited number of internationalized domain
names introduced to the Internet's root possibly before the end of the year.
To celebrate the occasion, a special evening reception was held on the

The fast track was formally approved by the
Friday, and although there remain concerns about their introduction,
Chairman noted it as an historic achievement and the vote was met with a
standing ovation by the audience. Dozens of press articles from across the
world also recognized the event.

For the first time, Internet users that speak something other than Western
languages will be able to represent an entire Internet address in their own


Applications to the fast track will open on 16 November.


Official announcement of the approval:

Fast track webpage:http://www.icann.org/en/topics/idn/fast-track/

Check out the IDN video on our home page: http://www.icann.org/.
New gTLDs


The third version of the Applicant Guidebook, as well as a range of other
papers and explanatory memoranda, were produced for discussion at the
meeting. A main session <http://sel.icann.org/node/6739> on the program was
held on the Monday.

In particular, additional work was done on the “overarching issues” that
need to be addressed before the introduction of new top-level domains (see
below for more specific information).

ICANN staff revised the deadline to the opening application date for new
gTLDs. Instead of giving a date, or quarter, the launch date will be
dependent on community efforts to find solutions to the overarching issues.
This approach prompted some in the community to argue that ICANN needed to
demonstrate its determination to the process.

The result at the end of the week was a compromise solution, approved in a
Board resolution<http://www.icann.org/en/minutes/resolutions-30oct09-en.htm#5>,
that asked staff to look into how to introduce a system for allowing
“expressions of interest” to be shown in new gTLDs.  That process may allow
for likely demand to be gauged and provide useful data to move some
discussions from theoretical to pragmatic.

The Applicant Guidebook is out to public comment until 22 November.

   - Trademark Protection

The issue of how to protect trademarks in the event of a massive expansion
in the domain name space continued to be an issue of much debate. A special
session <http://sel.icann.org/node/7116> was held on the Wednesday to
discuss the issue.

Following public comment on a report produced for the previous meeting in
Sydney (the IRT report), possible solutions to the issue were reduced from
four to two in a staff paper released prior to the meeting. Those solutions
are: the creation of an IP Clearinghouse, or database of validated
trademarks; and a Uniform Rapid Suspension process for use in clear-cut
cases of trademark infringement.

That paper has been put to the GNSO for review.

   - Malicious Conduct

Two sessions on Monday afternoon addressed the concern that a large
expansion of the domain name space will present new opportunities for abuse
of the DNS, such as phishing, malware, the distribution of illegal content,
and so on.

The broad concern is that with a large number of new companies entering the
domain name market – both registries and registrars – that there will not be
sufficient awareness of the problems of dealing with the criminal element

Summaries of the input received so far on this issue as well as a report by
ICANN staff with proposed mitigation measures were posted for review prior
to the meeting and a panel discussion <http://sel.icann.org/node/7116> dug
further into both.

   - Security and Stability

A session on Wednesday <http://sel.icann.org/node/7084> focused on a report
that reviewed how the Internet's current systems could scale to accommodate
new Internet extensions, as well as other security related issues such as
the introduction of a more secure form of the current system, called DNSSEC.

Broadly, there are some concerns that if a large number of extensions were
introduced to the Internet at the same time, that the systems currently in
place would not be able to cope.

There was some discussion about whether the report effectively recommended
that new gTLDs would need to be delayed or spread out over time, although
there was no agreement on that point and it remains for ICANN's Advisory
Committees in this area (RSSAC and SSAC) to review the report, public
comments on the issue, and report back to the community.

The root scaling report is out for public
comment<http://www.icann.org/en/public-comment/#rsst-report>until 29

   - Demand and Economic Analysis

Further economic analysis will be commissioned by ICANN in order to address
outstanding concerns raised following review of the two previous economic


Feedback from the meeting, as well as comments sent to comment periods
covering the third version of the Applicant Guidebook and papers related to
the overarching issues, will be used to produce a fourth version of the
guidebook for the Nairobi meeting in March.

Staff will review the possibility of introducing a system where potential
gTLD applicants are able to provide “expressions of interest” in new
Internet extensions in order to help the work move forward more effectively.


The new gTLD program webpage contains the latest information as well as
extensive background information on the whole process:

Root scaling study session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7084

Trademark Protection session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7116

Malicious Conduct and new gTLDs session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7117

Malicious Conduct and Consumer Protection: http://sel.icann.org/node/7288

Registry/registrar separation session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7083

New gTLD update session:
Strategic Planning


ICANN held its first strategic planning session for 2010 on Wednesday

The strategic plan is the process by which the organization's priorities are
mapped out, feedback is received from the community, and all the input is
pulled into an Operating Plan, from which the organization's budget is
decided and allocated.

The session was more interactive than previous years with an online survey
asking people to rank the importance of various areas of work e.g. implement
new gTLDs, strengthen accountability, etc.

The plan recognized four main areas of focus for ICANN:

   - Preserve DNS stability and security
   - Promote competition, trust and consumer choice
   - Excel in IANA and other core operations
   - Maintain ICANN's long term role in the Internet eco-system.

Within these, no less than 18 projects were highlighted as being of
strategic priorities over the next three years.


A draft plan will be drawn up based on community feedback and provided to
the Board for review. The plan will then be put out to public comment in
early December, with the second set of feedback used to draw up a revised
plan to be put before the Board for approval in February 2010.


Strategic plan session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7103

Online survey<http://www.surveymonkey.com/s.aspx?sm=Auve9xOKvl0YbWhg1NLKmA_3d_3d>
GNSO Improvements


After years of hard work, the new GNSO Council sat for the first time in
Seoul. There are now two main stakeholder groups: Contracted (made up of
registries and registrars), and Non-Contracted (made up of commercial and
non-commercial interests).

A new chair was chosen by both houses – Chuck Gomes – and he will work
alongside two new vice-chairs: Olga Cavalli (Non-Contracted) and Stephane
van Gelder (Contracted).


The GNSO Improvements webpage: http://gnso.icann.org/en/improvements/

The GNSO Council session: http://sel.icann.org/node/6708*.*
Independent Reviews


A number of sessions that covered the review of specific parts of ICANN were
held during the week.

Currently, two bodies are in the implementation phase: GNSO and ALAC. The
GNSO process was largely finished with the sitting of the new Council;
whereas the ALAC met the Board's Structural Improvements
Committee<http://sel.icann.org/node/7183>to discuss the implementation
of its changes.

Meanwhile, going through the Working Group stage (i.e. just before
implementation) there is: the Nominating
Board <http://sel.icann.org/node/7252>; and SSAC<http://sel.icann.org/node/7098>

Other reviews ongoing included: RSSAC (just at the start of the working
group period); ccNSO (just about to head into the review process); and ASO
(terms of reference for its review being drawn up).


The reviews will progress through the clearly defined processes in each
case. More sessions will be held in Nairobi to discuss and review that


ALAC and Board SIC session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7183

Nominating Committee review session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7094

Board review session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7252

SSAC review session: http://sel.icann.org/node/7098.
Board Members & Councillors

Since this was ICANN's annual general meeting, there was turnaround in Board
and Council members.

In particular, Roberto Gaetano, Steve Goldstein, Wendy Seltzer and Thomas
Roessler left the Board.

>From ALAC: Jose Ovidio Salgueiro, Fatimata Seye Sylla, Vanda Scartezini,
Nguyen Thu Hue, and Sivasubramanian Muthusamy all ended their terms.

>From the GNSO: Tony Harris, Philip Sheppard, Greg Ruth, Tony Holmes, Ute
Decker, Cyril Chua, Carlos Affonso Pereira de Souza, Maggie Mansourkia, Jon
Nevett, and Steve Metalitz all left the Council.

Special mention was given to leaving GNSO chair Avri Doria and leaving
NomCom chair Tricia Drakes.

Peter Dengate Thrush was re-elected as chair of the Board, and Dennis
Jennings as vice-chair.
Board Resolutions

The full set of Board Resolutions at the public meeting on Friday can be
found online at:http://www.icann.org/en/minutes/resolutions-30oct09-en.htm.

A transcript of the meeting can be found at:

And video recordings of proceedings can be found in two parts at:
http://icann.na3.acrobat.com/p77419459/ and
Fellowship Update

My name is Fahd A. Batayneh and I'm Jordanian – home to the Rose City of
Petra, one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. I'm a systems engineer at
Jordan's National Information Technology Center (NITC) – part of the
Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MoICT).

My focus is IT consultancy and policy development and I am a key member of
the team running the DNS mission of dot-jo. I am also an active member of
Jordan's IPv6 committee and ENUM committee. I also provide training to
university interns. It is thanks to this network that I was asked by my
government to represent Jordan within ICANN.

I have been involved with ICANN since the Paris meeting in June 2008 and now
sit on no less than four working groups. I am also involved in the Asia
Pacific Top-Level Domains (APTLD) organization, the Arabic Domain Names and
Internet Governance Team (ADNIGT), and the Usage of Arabic Scripts in Domain
Names Working Group (ASIWG).

So how did my involvement in the fellowship program start?

On a rainy winter day in February of 2008, I sat down at work and started
going through that morning's emails when I was delighted to see one from
ICANN congratulating me on being selected to attend the Paris meeting as a
fellow. I was speechless! To be honest, at first I thought it was a scam,
but after a few phone calls I found out it was for real and I was extremely
happy that it was! It was the beginning of my – hopefully – long lasting
adventures with ICANN.

At the Paris meeting, I was totally lost since I barely knew anybody and
hearing terms such as ccNSO, gNSO, GAC, ALAC, SSAC, RSSAC, and ASO - the
ICANN language - was confusing and misleading at first. But with the help of
ICANN's regional manager to the Middle East, Baher Esmat, I got to know some
people and soon grew accustomed to the terminology.

A few months later, ICANN asked for volunteers to work on two working
groups: the Strategic and Operational Planning Interaction Committee, and
the Community Wide Working Group on Geographical Regions. I applied to both,
and with an excellent recommendation from my DNS advisor, I was accepted.
Then, in September 2009, the ccNSO announced their need for extra volunteers
to two ongoing working groups: the Incident Response Working Group, and the
Joint ccNSO/gNSO IDN Working Group. I was accepted on board with the first
working group a few days later, but it was not until the Seoul meeting that
I was informed of my involvement with the later one.

Working with these groups, or with any work group established for the cause
of ICANN and the evolution of the Internet, is done on a volunteer basis and
can be time consuming, especially during the first steps of producing a
preliminary draft charter. But it is also very exciting as you have the
opportunity to work with and learn from interesting people who operate
different organizations in various ways.

Back home, I am very keen to introduce my community to ICANN, and I
encourage my colleagues to apply to the fellowship program so that, if
successful, they could attend an ICANN meeting and get to know the community
and how they operate. They can then reflect on what they learned and share
their learnings with the local community.
Upcoming Meetings

   - December 7-9: Australian IPv6 Summit 2009—Melbourne, Australia—event
   link http://www.ipv6.org.au/summit/
   - December 9: ICANN Board Meeting
   - December 25—31: Closed for the Holidays

We Want to Hear From You

If you have a comment about an article you've read, want to know more about
a particular topic, are confused about an acronym, or if you would you like
to submit an Op-Ed article? We invite you to submit your thoughts, ideas,
and feedback to us at: michele.jourdan at icann.org

*Policy update: *http://www.icann.org/en/topics/policy/

*Compliance newsletter:*


*Monthly magazine:*


*Blog: *http://blog.icann.org/




Visit the Public Participation Site and let us know what you think about the
current issues.

If you care about the Internet and how it evolves, your voice will only be
heard if you get involved.


Affirmation of Commitments


The Joint Project Agreement (JPA) that ICANN had with the US government
concluded in September and was replaced by an Affirmation of Commitments.

Under that Affirmation, ICANN becomes accountable to the global Internet
community and a series of reviews are outlined that help ensure a high
degree of public, global accountability.

A special session <http://sel.icann.org/node/7481> was held on the Wednesday
afternoon where the Chairman and CEO took questions about the Affirmation
and also outlined a path forward for carrying out the reviews.

The Affirmation was also given an hour-long slot at the public forum on


The Affirmation outlines a number of reviews. An initial draft of how these
might work will be produced following community feedback and presented at
the next ICANN meeting in Nairobi.


The Affirmation of

Affirmation session <http://sel.icann.org/node/7481>

To sign up to this and other newsletters, follow this

An archive of magazines can be found here<http://www.icann.org/en/magazine/>
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